A standpipe is a ground-supported storage tank with a height that is greater than its diameter. Its design helps generate storage and pressure with a low upfront cost compared to elevated tank geometries. While there are cost advantages to standpipes, its geometry is a liability: tall and skinny tanks naturally promote thermal stratification and harm waterquality. Standpipes have a higher surface area to volume ratio – meaning that more surface area is exposed to heat from the sun, and there’s less volume inside the tank to absorb that heat. Additionally, the limited cross-sectional area of a standpipe makes it difficult to exchange heat between the hot water at the top of the tank and cold water at the bottom, resulting in thermal stratification. Below we have compiled four signs that indicate your standpipe is thermally stratified.
Every winter, water utilities across the United States and Canada deal with the challenges of cold weather, including main breaks and equipment outages. While these emergencies come without warning, they are obvious and visible when they do occur. But in other parts of the water distribution system, cold weather can create risk that is hidden from view: ice formation inside water storage tanks.
Often, the only time operators realize they have a problem with ice in their tanks is when it’s too late: after a tank’s interior is damaged or when the tank wall is punctured. Few operators climb and inspect their tanks in winter, so the extent of ice formation inside of water storage tanks is often unknown. Below we have compiled five factors that indicate your tank is at risk for ice formation.
In-tank aeration is a proven method for removing trihalomethanes (THMs) from finished drinking water storage tanks. However, aeration technologies can vary greatly in their effectiveness and energy usage and selecting in-tank systems can be complicated. Several factors must be taken into consideration when selecting a system and each system should be customized to the tank to maximize THM removal while minimizing energy cost. Below, we have answered four questions received during our last webinar on in-tank aeration to help explain how in-tank aeration systems are designed.
When summer temperatures rise, chlorine demand inside storage tanks increases and water quality can degrade. Warm water temperatures, particularly at the top of the tank, increase biological growth, deplete residual disinfectant and increase the formation rate of disinfection by-products (DBPs). Thermal stratification also creates hot and humid conditions inside the headspace, greatly accelerating corrosion rates inside steel tanks. One effective solution to combat stratification and maintain disinfectant residual levels is active mixing. A powerful mixer eliminates thermal and chemical stratification inside tanks and reduces the growth of biofilms and DBPs. Below, we answered three common questions on maintaining residual disinfectant levels inside water storage tanks.
Charles Fishman (author of The Big Thirst) wrote a piece for the Washington Post last month on “Five Myths About Water.” Number two on Charles’ myth list is “bottled water is better than tap water,” where he unveils that tap water is actually MORE closely monitored than bottled water and that in blind taste tests “people can’t reliably pick bottled from tap.” At PAX Water, Charles’ article got us thinking about some of the myths we’re trying to bust in the drinking water industry. Here are our top five:
PAX Water Technologies presented a technical talk at the 25th annual Association of State Drinking Water Administrators meeting last week in Pittsburgh, PA entitled Stabilization and Improvement of Distribution System Water Quality in Reservoirs and Tanks – a Key to Stage 2 Compliance.